Sept. 3 (UPI) — North Korea announced Sunday it successfully tested a hydrogen nuclear bomb that can be loaded onto an intercontinental ballistic missile, is 10 times stronger than its previous detonation and is capable of reaching the U.S. mainland.
After North Korea’s sixth underground bomb test since 2006, the United States is considering a “massive military response,” Defense Secretary Mattis said in a statement. “We are not looking to the total annihilation of a country, namely North Korea, but as I said, we have many options to do so.”
Leaders worldwide condemned the detonation, including U.S. President Donald Trump, who posted on Twitter the regime’s “words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the United States. He also posted on Twitter the United States is considering “stopping all trade with any country doing business with North Korea.”
The U.N. Security Council, which has already sanctioned North Korean and banned its nuclear tests, will conduct an emergency meeting Monday in New York. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley and her counterparts from Japan, France, Great Britain and South Korea called for the meeting.
U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres in a statement called the test “profoundly destabilizing for regional security.”
China, which is North Korea’s closest big ally, and Russia also condemned the detonation.
The state-run Korean Central News Agency announced the completion of the test at noon Pyongyang Time, calling it a “perfect” success.
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un reportedly inspected a “super explosive” hydrogen bomb for its intercontinental ballistic missiles and “guided the work for nuclear weaponization.” Pyongyang said it had miniaturized a hydrogen bomb for use on a long-range missile.
“The H-bomb test was carried out to examine and confirm the accuracy and credibility of the power control technology, and internal structural design newly introduced into manufacturing the H-bomb to be placed as the payload of the ICBM,” the Korean Central News Agency said.
The U.S Geological Survey said a 6.3 magnitude earthquake was detected near North Korea’s known nuclear test site in Punggye-ri, in the county’s northeast region.
The “artificial quake” was 9.8 times as powerful as the the last test in September 2016, South Korea’s state weather agency said. The 5.3-magnitude earthquake then was about as powerful as the bomb the United States dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945, that was 15,000 tons of TNT.
The earthquake was felt in northern China in Yanji, near the North Korean border, according to local media.
China’s Earthquake Administration said it had detected a second tremor, just after the first, of 4.6 magnitude which it termed as “a collapse”.
The foreign ministry of China said in a statement that North Korea “has ignored the international community’s widespread opposition, again carrying out a nuclear test. China’s government expresses resolute opposition and strong condemnation toward this.”
Russia said the test defied international law and that the only way to resolve the Korean peninsula’s problems, “including the nuclear one,” was for all sides involved to hold talks.
South Korea’s presidential chief security adviser said: “During the meeting, we decided to discuss measures to deploy the strongest U.S. military assets that the U.S. military has in line with the U.S.-South Korea alliance and to show off our military’s strike capabilities to neutralize North Korea’s nuclear facilities and missiles.
Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera said the ministry began flying “sniffer” planes capable of detecting radioactive fallout.
On Tuesday, North Korea launched a long-range intercontinental ballistic missile over Japan.
“The fact that North Korea forced through a nuclear test this time is absolutely unacceptable to our country,” Abe said in a statement. “North Korea’s nuclear and missile development programm is a threat that is more grave and urgent to the safety of our country and has entered a new stage. It is significantly hurting regional and international peace and stability.”
Abe said he spoke with Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin on Sunday. He plans to meet with Putin in Vladivostok, Russia, next week.
Trump reacted strongly in a series of tweets on Sunday morning from the White House: “North Korea has conducted a major Nuclear Test. Their words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the United States. North Korea is a rogue nation which has become a great threat and embarrassment to China, which is trying to help but with little success.”
He added: “South Korea is finding, as I have told them, that their talk of appeasement with North Korea will not work, they only understand one thing!”
Trump later posted on Twitter: “The United States is considering, in addition to other options, stopping all trade with any country doing business with North Korea.”
U.S. trade with China totaled an estimated $648.2 billion in 2016, according to the U.S. Trade Representative. India, Thailand, and the Philippines also maintain economic ties with North Korea.
“Our commitment among the allies are ironclad,” Mattis said in a statement outside the White House after the meeting. “Any threat to the United States or its territories, including Guam, or our allies will be met with a massive military response, a response both effective and overwhelming.”
U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin said additional sanctions are planned.
“We’ve already started with sanctions against North Korea, but I’m going to draft a sanctions package to send to the president for his strong consideration,” Mnuchin said in an interview on Fox News Sunday.
Trump has warned he would unleash “fire and fury” against North Korea if it continued to threaten the United States with nuclear missiles. North Korea has threatened to launch a missile near Guam, a U.S. territory.
After Tuesday’s missile test, Trump said “all options are on the table” in response to the regime’s “threatening and destabilizing actions.”
North Korea launched two intercontinental missiles on July 4 and 28. In the latest test, North Korea said it launched its Hwasong-14 intercontinental ballistic missile than can reach most of the United States.
North Korea first claimed to have tested a hydrogen bomb in January 2016, during its fourth nuclear test. Other countries doubted the claim for lack of evidence. Experts said North Korea may have tested a “boosted” atomic bomb.
In hydrogen bombs, fusion — the merging of atoms — is used to unleash energy, whereas atomic bombs use nuclear fission, or the splitting of atoms.